Positive and negative trends in crime development in 2016
The Federation and the federal states present the 2016 police crime statistics, including statistics of politically motivated crime
Today, Federal Interior Minister de Maizière and the chairman of the Standing Conference of the Interior Ministers of the Länder in the Federal Republic of Germany, Markus Ulbig, presented the crime statistics for 2016.
Criminality remains at a high level
Like in previous years, the total number of criminal offences reported to the police is above six million and thus remains at a relatively high level.
This number also includes violations of the foreigners law, such as illegal entry or other violations of the asylum and residence law, which may be committed only by foreigners. Owing to the great influx of refugees, this number has soared.
If these types of offences are left aside, a slight decrease in the number of criminal offences by 0.7% can be observed compared to 2015. The average number of criminal offences per 100,000 inhabitants is down by 1.9% to 7,161 cases. This offence rate is indicative for the threat posed by crime.
Moreover, the percentage of cleared-up cases or clear-up rate, has reached a five-year high at 54%.
Particularly pleasing is the decline in the number of shopliftings and home break-ins. After the number of home break-ins had risen continuously in the last years, 2016 saw a decrease by 9.5%.
In the view of the Federal Minister of the Interior, this development shows that the various measures taken to fight home break-ins are effective. Such measures include
• more intensive law enforcement;
• closer cooperation at European level; and
• enhanced prevention, such as financial incentives to install security technology.
More violent offences
A growing cause for concern is the rise in violent crime, de Maizière said. This includes murder and voluntary manslaughter, rape, robbery, and the causing of dangerous and of severe bodily harm. Compared to 2015, the number of criminal offences in this category rose by 6.7%.
There was also an increase, by 8.1%, in the number of cases in which bodily harm was caused. Federal Interior Minister de Maizière commented:
"We still live in a safe country, but we have to and we will take all necessary efforts to make sure that it stays that way."
More politically motivated offences
The development of politically motivated offences, which has been presented today as well, has to be taken seriously. Compared to 2015, the number is up by 6.6% and has reached a new high.
The main factor is the soaring number of politically motivated crimes by foreigners, which has risen by 66.5% to a total of 3,372 offences. These include Islamist-motivated acts of terrorism and criminal offences associated with the conflict between Turkey and the PKK, which together count for almost 45% of all criminal offences in this category.
The number of criminal offences committed for left- or right-wing motives has remained at the same level. There are significant differences, however, with regard to violent offences. While the number violent offences motivated by left-wing extremism fell by 24.2%, the number of violent offences committed by right-wing extremists rose by 14.3%.
The fact that people who have fled their homes because of terror and war remain the focus of right-wing extremist violence is shocking, the minister said. However, it is a comfort to know that at least the number of attacks against refugee shelters has dropped significantly in the course of 2016, the minister added.
You can find additional information on the website of the Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA).